Test your knowledge of upland and lowland landscapes, sedimentary and igneous rocks with this 15-question GCSE quiz.

If you haven't already done it, work through the unit on distinctive UK physical landscapes on the PowerPoint. Or look at it again to help fill in any gaps in your knowledge!

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Rank Name Score
1st MOH 30
2nd K.P 30
3rd OGW 30
4th GAK 30
5th HMW 30
6th HW 30
7th HW 30
8th JLW 30
9th AM' 30
10th AM' 30

QUIZZES // Distinctive physical landscapes in the UK

Q1. What type of rocks do most UK upland landscapes have?

Soft and resistant

Hard and less resistant

Hard and resistant

Soft and less resistant

Q2. Where are most of the UK’s upland landscapes found?

To the north and west of the UK

Only in the north of the UK

To the south and east of the UK

Only along the east coast

Q3. Which of the following is an area of upland UK landscape?

The Weald

The Grampians

The Vale of Oxford

East Anglia and the Fens

Q4. Which of the following is an example of a lowland UK landscape area?

The North Downs

The Pennines

The Lake District


Q5. Which of the following describes an igneous rock?

A rock which has been changed from its original form by being subjected to extreme heat and/or pressure, e.g. slate, formed from shale

A rock formed from calcareous deposits like shells or microscopic sea organisms, e.g. chalk

Rocks made from particles which have been eroded from other rocks, deposited and compressed over a long period of time, e.g. sandstone and mudstone

A crystalline rock formed by volcanic activity where magma has cooled under the earth’s surface (intrusive, e.g. granite or lava) or has cooled at the surface (extrusive, e.g. basalt)

Q6. What is cretaceous chalk?

An ancient sedimentary rock made from calcium carbonate particles, formed over 350 years ago

A resistant metamorphic rock

A soft, permeable rock formed when microscopic calcareous organisms were deposited in an ancient shallow ocean

A permeable sedimentary sandstone

Q7. Which of the following statements describes the physical landscape of the South Downs National Park?

A granite tor

An extensive area of very flat land with artificial drainage ditches with large areas of arable fields

A chalk escarpment with a steep slope and rounded, undulating dip slope covered in rich biodiverse grassland and mixed woodland

A river valley

Q8. What activity has created and maintains the short grassland on the South Downs?

Grazing by cattle

Arable farming

The low rainfall in the south of England

Grazing by sheep

Q9. Which of the following is NOT a threat to the physical landscape of the South Downs?

Expanding settlements built with modern materials

Woodland management schemes

Expansion of arable farming

Reduction of the numbers of sheep grazing

Q10. Which of the following describes the landforms characteristic of the Lake District landscape?

Steep mountains, waterfalls, deep glaciated valleys and ribbon lakes

Rounded hills, escarpments and large towns

Limestone pavements

Sheep farming

Q11. Which of the following has not changed the landscape in the Lake District National Park?

The introduction of large scale arable farming.

The conversion and modernisation of farm cottages to accommodate tourists.

Road improvement and modernisation of signs.

Forestry visitor centres.

Q12. A granite tor is formed by the process of:




Longshore drift

Q13. A limestone pavement is made up of:

Clints and grykes

Scarp and dip slopes

Source and mouth

Capes and bays

Q14. Nearly half of the South Downs has been designated a:

Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI)

National Trust land

Theme park

Green belt

Q15. The UK’s lowland and upland landscapes are divided roughly by an imaginary line from the:

English Channel to the North Sea

The River Thames to the River Tees

The River Exe to the River Tees

The River Exe to the River Tyne


You scored this time. The more correct answers you give, and the fewer incorrect answers you guess, the better your score.

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