Try this 15-question A level quiz to see how much you know about the Chad-Cameroon oil pipeline, energy resource issues and energy security, development, governance and regional energy infrastructures.
If you haven't already done it, work through the case study of the ‘Chad-Cameroon oil pipeline’ to learn more. Or look at it again to help fill in any gaps in your knowledge about the development and the relationships between people, energy systems and the environment.
The movement of money for the purpose of trade, investment, or business operations.
Investments made by a company or entity from one country into another country.
This occurs when wealth is moved from the place of its creation to somewhere else.
The long-distance movement of a liquid or gas through a network of pipes.
A West African country with a coastline on the Gulf of Guinea
The eastern-most country on the Horn of Africa
A country in north-east Africa through which the Suez Canal passes
A landlocked central African country in the Sahel region
The name of a village in rural Cameroon through which the pipeline passes
The name for the system of government inherited from colonial times in rural Cameroon
The name for the group of TNCs involved in the pipeline project
The Cameroonian name for black flies that have spread disease along the pipeline route
Because nobody had yet mapped out the area.
Because projecting an image of the area as being ‘empty of people’ enabled the company to assert power and a sense of control over the place.
Because nobody lived there.
Because he regretted the impacts that the construction of the pipeline had on the local community.
Germany and France
France and Britain
Britain and Germany
France and Italy
They provided military support to ensure the pipeline was secure.
They carried out detailed environmental impact assessments that showed there was a risk that the project would negatively affect the area.
They provided large loans to the governments of Chad and Cameroon, as well as the consortium of TNCs, in order to finance the project.
They sought to cancel the project and tried to ensure that it was implemented in a way that better supported local residents.
Non-profit group that acts independently of government
An association usually made up of a group of private companies
The way that issues affecting more than one state can be managed at a global level
The long distance movement of a liquid or gas through a network of pipes
Cancellation of all debt related to the Chad-Cameroon pipeline.
Increased FDI flows brought in to the region by the consortium of TNCs.
Withdrawal of the World Bank from the pipeline project in 2007.
Improved land rights for some indigenous communities along the pipeline route.
Ellen Johnson Sirleaf
When wealth is moved from the place of its creation to somewhere else.
The way that some countries fail to benefit fully from their resource wealth, and in fact experience negative impacts from extracting them.
A situation whereby the social, economic and environmental conditions of existence for a group of people are disturbed without them being moved out of the area.
When a country is forced to try and develop without having any natural resources of its own.
An international NGO
A global oil extraction TNC
An international institution involved in the governance of the Chad-Cameroon pipeline
A private company that manages the Chad-Cameroon pipeline
It aggravated and exacerbated poverty through the destruction of livelihoods and ecologies.
It improved living conditions and helped to finance numerous additional development projects.
It was largely criticised by NGOs, who played a crucial role in reducing the negative impacts of the pipeline.
It has provided crucial funds to the governments of Chad and Cameroon.